Don Tai Don, White Tai In Vietnam, Tai Dón Language


Progress Scale
The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and percent Christian Adherent.

Đang xem: Tai don, white tai in vietnam

1 Unreached – Few evangelicals and few who identify as Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity. Evangelicals Professing Christians 2 Minimally reached – Few evangelicals, but significant number who identify as Christians. Evangelicals Professing Christians > 5% and 3 Superficially reached – Few evangelicals, but many who identify as Christians. In great need of spiritual renewal and commitment to biblical faith. Evangelicals Professing Christians > 50%
4 Partially reached – Evangelicals have a modest presence. Evangelicals > 2% and
5 Significantly reached – Evangelicals have a significant presence. Evangelicals > 10%

☀ indicates Frontier Peoples which are a subset of Unreached with 0.1% or fewer Christian Adherents of any kind.


Map Symbols:
Map Symbols

CitySymbolCityPopulation ▲City Type
1Less than 10,000
1Less than 10,000 Province capital
210,000 to 75,000
210,000 to 75,000 Province capital
375,000 to 200,000
375,000 to 200,000 Province capital
4200,000 to 750,000
4200,000 to 750,000 Province capital
5750,000 to 2 million
5750,000 to 2 million Province capital
6Greater than 2 million
6Greater than 2 million Province capital
7Less than 200,000 National capital (3 sizes)
8Greater than 200,000 National capital (3 sizes)
Blue Rivers
Gray solid Country borders
White solid State / Province borders
Gray dashed District borders

Map Source:People Group Location from IMB. Other map data / geography from GMI. Map by Joshua Project.

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Introduction / HistoryMost of the White Tai (who are named for the color of their women”s clothing) live in northern Vietnam along the banks of the Red and Black Rivers. A few have settled in the Tung Nghia region of southern Vietnam. The White Tai speak a tonal language, Tai Don. They are members of a larger cultural linguistic group of Tai peoples, which includes the Shan, the Laotians, and others. Although the White Tai are part of the Thai official nationality in Vietnam, they are not native to the land. Originally from China, they emigrated south to Vietnam because of unceasing pressure by the Chinese. However, settling in Vietnam did not bring them peace. By 1895, the French ruled Vietnam in an Indo-Chinese Union. After World War II, France and Japan governed the country jointly until Japan disarmed the French. Communist rebels emerged and military regimes formed, leading to severe blood-shed until the Communist Republic of North Vietnam spread to the South in 1975.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The White Tai are extremely polite, respectful, and hospitable. Children are brought up to respect those of a higher rank, and to be independent and self-reliant. Type of occupation, wealth, and place and type of residence follow age in terms of respect and rank. Rural farmers rank below craftsmen, merchants, and city government officials. Clergy are a separate group.Families are the core of White Tai society. In rural villages, the entire immediate family often lives together. Although the father is considered the head of the family, White Tai husbands and wives appear to have peaceful relationships. In fact, the White Tai are distinguished by an almost equal division of labor by sex. Both men and women plow, till, fish, cook, care for the children, clean house, and wash clothes.Wet-rice, the main agricultural crop, is grown for consumption as well as for cash sales. The White Tai are also excellent cloth weavers. Their spacious, artistically designed houses (which are built on stilts) have rectangular roofs, which distinguish them from the Black Tai”s tortoise-shaped roofs.Tai culture has changed dramatically as a result of the transition from a feudal to a socialist society. Farmers now belong to agricultural cooperatives, and small-scale industrialization has helped turn Tai agricultural peasants into a Vietnamese working class. New social structures have also brought improved education and health care. Some medical schools and some hospitals have been built. These have helped gain control over diseases such as small pox, cholera, tuberculosis, and malaria.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Over half of the White Tai combine folk animism with Buddhism. They worship various spirits and objects, and also believe that people have multiple personal souls. They hold ceremonies for “recalling” the souls because they believe that this will strengthen the individual personality. The White Tai believe in spirits of the dead, the natural world, the political world, various localities, etc.Many of the White Tai are Buddhists. They are followers of Buddha (“the enlightened one”) and seek to eliminate suffering and improve their future by gaining merit in pursuit of perfect peace, or nirvana. They believe that merit can be acquired through feeding monks, donating to temples, and attending worship services. Traditionally, young men enter village monasteries for about three months to study Buddhism.

What Are Their Needs?

The White Tai have been deeply scarred by all of the fighting and bloodshed in the past. They desperately need healing and new spiritual hope.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Tai Don, White Tai in Vietnam.

* Ask the Lord to send additional laborers into Vietnam to work among the White Tai. * Pray that God will raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the spiritual soil of Vietnam through intercession. * Ask God to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the White Tai of Vietnam.* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the small number of White Tai Christians.* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local Christian fellowships among the White Tai.

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Profile Source:Bethany World Prayer Center

General Info
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People Name General Tai Don, White Tai
People Name in Country Tai Don, White Tai
Natural Name Tai Don
Natural Pronunciation tie dahn
Population this Country 334,000
Population all Countries 465,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1 ●
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2(per
Pioneer Workers Needed 7
Alternate Names Dai Kao; Dai, White; Red Tai; Tai Blanc; Tai D; Tai Don; Tai Kaw; Tai Khao; Tai Lai; Thái; Thai Trang; Tribal Tai; White Tai
People ID 18689
ROP3 Code 109710

Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tai
People Group Tai Don, White Tai
Ethnic Code MSY49z

Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tai
People Group Tai Don, White Tai
Ethnic Code MSY49z

Country Vietnam
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 19(Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country North, mainly along Red and Black rivers, Lai Chau, Dien Bien, Lao Cai, and Son La provinces; some in the south, Lam Dòng province, Tung Nghia.Source:Ethnologue 2016

Country Vietnam
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 19(Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country North, mainly along Red and Black rivers, Lai Chau, Dien Bien, Lao Cai, and Son La provinces; some in the south, Lam Dòng province, Tung Nghia..Source:Ethnologue 2016

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